Gum disease is a very common complaint and around 47% of adults in the United States
have some form of it. Periodontal disease is an inflammation in the gums that can eventually spread to the jawbone. The infection compromises the bone and teeth, causing permanent damage if it is allowed to go unchecked. At Donegal Family Dental, we can help treat all stages of gum disease. Dr. Mark Nista has a lot of experience in periodontics in Donegal, PA. He will offer honest, straightforward advice, and effective treatments.

  •  Causes of Periodontal Disease

Bacteria present in dental plaque causes periodontal disease. Plaque is a sticky substance that forms over the teeth as a result of bacterial deposits. It eventually hardens into tartar and causes serious dental problems. Tartar isn’t as easy to remove as plaque, so you will need to visit a dentist in Donegal, PA, for professional cleaning. Plaque and tartar attract harmful bacteria, which causes inflammation and more harm to your teeth. Your body’s immune system is also compromised and reacts to the infection by releasing a compound to kill the microorganisms. This substance damages your gums, alveolar bone, and periodontal ligaments.

  • How to Treat It

The early stage of periodontal disease is easy to treat. You need to improve your overall dental hygiene and get a professional cleaning from a reliable dentist. Dr. Mark Nista encourages patients to get professional dental cleaning once every six months to remove all plaque and tartar.
If the infection is severe, we can prescribe antibiotics to kill the harmful bacteria.
Sometimes, dentists have to perform surgery to remove plaque and tartar build-up from under the gums. These areas aren’t easy to access during brushing or flossing and require
in-depth cleaning.

  • Symptoms

Bleeding gums is the most common symptom of gum disease. If they bleed when you brush, floss, or even when you eat, visit a Donegal emergency dentist immediately. Swollen gums, discoloration, gum recession, pain, or tenderness are also signs of periodontal diseases. Want to know more about our periodontal disease or need a dentist in Donegal, PA? Don’t hesitate to contact us at Donegal Family Dental today.